The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord

Bodh-Mar and Ord, officially The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord, is a country on the continent of Fiarria. It borders the Theocracy of Ordland in the west and Aros in the north. In the south lies the Mauré Street and in the east the Melanian Sea both with several islands.

The name of The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord comes from several former countries that have been situated on the place of Bodh-Mar and Ord. The Bodhmari are considered the native people of the land. The nowaday minority of Bodhmari have a long history that goes back several thousand year. They are known to be skilled traders and craftsmen, but with a mettle which manifests in their way of government. The Ord were Cruisian settlers that came to the land around 680 BP.

The Flag of The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord

vlag Bodh-Mar

The Map of The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord (W.I.P)

Click to enlarge the map. The map will open in a new tab.

Kaart Bodh-Mar Grenswijziging

History

Vheru (3000 BP – 2500 BP)

The land that is now a days called Bodh-Mar were always been lush lands with thriving settlements. The first recorded history of settlements are from 3000 BP when one settlement grew to be one of the most dominant powers in the area.

Vheru was a city with on it’s high days around 30.000 inhabitants and was ruled by the high priests of the Sun and Moon cult. It’s surrounding settlements benefit from the prosperity of Vheru and soon they became vassal cities, or if they tried to compete with Vheru forced into vassality or in the most worse case their city destroyed and it’s inhabitants deported as slaves.

The power of Vheru lasted for around 500 years before it was overshadowed by other cities and ultimately became a vassal of another city itself.

The Aliance and the Ashdura family (2500 BP – 2336 BP)

After the diminuisce of Vheru the road was clear for another powers to rise. The so called Alliance of Cities filled the vacuum. Gerio, Fulha and Perthua joined their forces and established an empire that dominated the east of what is called Bodh-Mar today. All three were ruled by Priest-kings of the Sun and Moon cult and together they ruled in a triarchy. For the outer appearances the triarchy seemed harmonious and stable, but treason and murder were just as common at the courts of The Alliance as politics.

By successful use of these ways one family gained control of the thrones of all three the cities after 50 years. The Ashdura family soon centered their power in Perthua where they originated from, making The Alliance effectively a single power. They made sure that they took out all the original ruling families and possible resistance. This led to some very troublesome and unquiet years. The Ashdura family placed family members on all important positions and because they distrusted all other families they married only in their own circles. Children that emerged from relationships outside the family were considered bastards and either abandoned or killed.

This policy led within a few generations to terrible inbred and the last Priest-King of the Ashdura family died in 2336 BP age 17 after a life full of complications caused by the inbred. The people were convinced that the Ashdura family lost the favor of the gods and the adviser of the last Priest-King took control, which he during the reign of the Priest-King mostly already had.

Serui and it’s Republic (2489 BP – 1837 BP)

Under the rule of the last two Priest-Kings, Perthua lost some important parts of it’s territory and the dominance it has in the region.

While Perthua was on it’s last feet, a small city in the south east became a rising star. Around 2489 BP Serui became an important trading port and instead being ruled by a Priest-King it was ruled by a council of citizen who were elected by the citizen themselves. It didn’t meant that they weren’t worshipping the Sun and Moon gods, but the temple had fewer influence in the politics of Serui than elsewhere.

The influence of Serui grew within 100 years and it’s surrounding cities joined Serui in a corporation which grew out to the Republic of Serui in 2299 BP.

The Republic of Serui lasted for almost 400 years with it’s height around 1994 BP with 21 cities joined together.

Internal struggles ment the decline of The Republic. Although the The Republic lasted for 200 years after that, Bepua was it’s single member, for even Serui left the corporation of The Republic in 1837 BP.

The Slavewars (1761 BP – 1708 BP)

In the south of what is now known as Bodh-Mar the development of cities was a slower progress compared to the east. Only around 2000 bp the first cities worthy of that name developed from settlements of farmers. These settlements had a strong tradition of slavery. Although this was a common practise throughout the country. In the east it was mostly a fate for debtors, criminals or for the poor. The poor could sell themselves or their children into slavery. They would according to the law be assured of a meal a day. Something that was uncertainty for most of the poor.

In the south slavery was more of a business and the slave markets was full of foreigners from across the sea who were sold to the traders or were captured by slavers. Although forbidden by many of the cities law, many of the slaves of the eastern cities were sold on the slave markets in the south. A few cities in the south east joined forces and waged war in 1761 BP against their nearby cities who traded slaves.

The Slavewars saw it’s sides grow and soon 148 cities in the east and 96 in the south joined the war. This war went on for more than 50 years and devastated many of the cities, caused a great number of victims and left the remaining cities crippled. A peace treaty was made and the South and the East agreed not to slave each other’s citizens. 

Because of this exhausting war and the famine and plague that followed it  the population of both sides were decimated. Many fled to the countryside or to other cities hoping for a better life while warlords and their armies roamed the land.

The Warlords and their kin (1710 BP – 1267 BP)

In this power vacuum, around 1710 BP,  some of those warlords managed to establish more permanent domains. Often based in the remains of cities before the Slavewars, but some founded new cities.

These domains became small nations and the offspring of the warlords became kings or queens. With marriage, conquest and heritage many of those kingdoms merged. Often they were also divided in a heritage because every adult child of the age of 12 received an equal share of the land. 

The role of the cities within these kingdoms became smaller. With the exception for the city within the kingdoms where the seat of power was established. These cities saw some of their old splendour from before the Slavewars return and became centers of commerce and art.

At about 1500 BP, the growth of most kingdoms reached their height and saw a certain stability. This was very beneficial for the economy of the smaller cities which could grow. With this growth came an increase of their power within the Kingdoms. They started to behave more independent and demanded more rights and lower taxation. Most of the time, the sovereign had only two options; to oppose them and wage war against that city. Or to concede in their demands.

There are examples of cities who were denied in their demands and who then threatened to join or actually joined a bordering kingdom. Most kingdoms sought ways to integrate the cities in their government. Either by giving them a seat in a council or giving them more representative power in their local region.

This kept the cities happy on the short term, but they soon started to act more and more independent from their sovereigns. There was not much what a king could do about it because they depended on the forces of the cities for their armies, and the result was a king that was in fact only ruler in the city where his seat of power was.

This led to a strong decentralised government of the kingdoms with a king who was most of the time only king by name.

The first Kingdom of Bodh (1267 BP – 989 BP)

In 1267 BP in the kingdom of Bodh, King Baduhla came to power. He managed to turn the disadvantage of a weak kingship into his benefit.

With smart and cunning political moves he played the cities against each other and could replace rulers of the cities with one of his own. He had an extensive network of informants and spies which were also skilled assassins. The king kept the appearance of a weak kingship, but behind the scenes he regained much of the control that his ancestors had as kings and queens. Because of this he could expand his kingdom to an size unseen before. Kingdom after kingdom lost their cities to the kingdom of Bodh.  At some point King Baduhla had enough cities under his control with enough of his people at key places that he could use the armies to take cities by force. When he took control of a city, he replaced only a few key figures.

Quite some cities saw the benefit of joining the Kingdom of Bodh because the king was putting great effort improving infrastructure between the cities.

The Kingroads were mostly paved and within a day travel from each other were inns. And with patrolling troops the Kingroads were a very safe way to travel, which was very beneficial for trade. Also the movement of troops could be done faster.

King Baduhla’s reign lasted for 36 years until he died age 56. His eldest son, Hurehu succeeded him, reinforced the unity of the Kingdom of Bodh and continued the Baduhlan dynasty.

The Baduhlan dynasty lasted 7 kings and queens with Geruih as it’s last. Geruih died age 14 when he was murdered by his older nephew Dareu who claimed to have more right to be king instead of Geruih. Dareu unleashed a civil war that raged for 15 years until 989 BP. Eventually it meant the end of the Kingdom of Bodh. The neighboring kingdoms invaded Bodh and fought for the remains.

The Kingdom of Mar (1456 BP – 680 BP)

In the south, at the mouth of the Margku river lies the city of Margku. This was the main city of the Kingdom of Mar. In 1456 BP this kingdom was founded by Kerumah. He was the steward of the city for the Kingdom of Turopa (1519 BP – 1443 BP). Kerumah was displeased with the amount of taxes he and his city had to pay to the Kingdom of Turopa and proclaimed his own kingdom. When the king of Turopa, Bareo laid siege to Margku, an assassin was able to kill the king at the orders of Kerumah which resulted in the collapse of the king’s armies. Bareo only left a 4 year old daughter as successor. While their enemies occupied Turopa, Kerumah could establish his new kingdom.

The Kingdom of Mar remained small for a long time but it could establish a strong position because they controlled the entrance to the river. With extensive fortifications they could enforce a toll from the passing ships.

Surrounding cities saw their trade diminish, but the Kingdom of Mar offered them a place in their Kingdom in exchange for a share in their powerful trade position. Slowly but surely the Kingdom of Mar expanded.

King Kerumah reigned until his death in 1440 BP for 16 years and was succeeded by his daughter Mala.

The dynasty of King Kerumah had five kings and queens until 1325 BP when the childless Queen Furahe died. She appointed her nephew Zaleh, from her husband Daio’s side of the family, as heir.

King Zaleh reigned for 7 years until the age of 43 and was succeeded by his son Geral. King Geral was the man who extended the Kingdom of Mar to its largest extent. King Geral did almost the same as his predecessor, King Kerumah did.

Although King Kerumah offered neighbouring cities a place in his kingdom, King Geral used a approach a little bit different. He had set up a trade association which turned out very successful. So successful that his neighbours wanted to join his trade association.

The Kingdom of Mar soon became known as the Trade Kingdom and king Geral as the King-Merchant. These names became so common that they became the official name of the trade association leaded by the Kingdom of Mar and one of the titles of the King or Queen of Mar.

The Trade Kingdom lasted until the invasion of the Cruisians in 680 BP and the conversion of Allecsha the Steward of Margku to Crusianity. He lead a puppet government of the Cruisians until 613 BP.

His son and his grandson both named Allecsha succeeded him. They maintained the legend that they were the same person. In 513 BP Allecsha (III) was murdered when the people revolted against him during a parade in his honour.

The Second Kingdom of Bodh and the Republic of Ker (875 BP – 395 BP)

From 989 BP on the east was mostly plagued by war. The first Kingdom of Bodh fell apart in many small kingdom who fought for control of the area. The Kingroads were neglected and mostly used for short distance travel. Local rulers did not see the need or lacked funds to maintain the Kingroads and soon some parts were totally overgrown.

Of the former Kingdom of Bodh only the city of Bodh and some surrounding land remained. The last King, Dareu ruled until 991 BP when he was murdered by two man loyal to his deceased nephew Geruih. After that the throne of Bodh stayed vacant.

In the absence of a sovereign a council was established. This council lasted 5 years until 985 BP. In this year Bodh was conquered by its neighbour, the Kingdom of Deri. In 875 BP, unhappy with his position as Steward of Both. The brother of the king of Deri, Huio revolted against his brother, King Fepu.

King Fepu tried to bring his brother to senses by laying siege to the city of Bodh. This siege lasted 6 months but was broken by the navy of the city of Ker. Ker was unpleased with high taxes that King Fepu laid on Ker and Huio offered to lower taxes if he became king. After breaking the siege Ker declared itself independent and became the Republic of Ker.

The Kingdom of Bodh and the Republic of Ker became close allies that turned their power against the Kingdom of Deri. They managed to conquer Deri within 5 years. The Republic of Ker took the north of Deri and Bodh the south.

This alliance lasted for almost 50 years until 821 BP. The Republic of Ker suffered from internal struggles when 14 of the Elders turned against their fellow Elders. The Elders were the leaders of 65 noble families who ruled the Republic of Ker together in a council.

The 14 Elders came from a part of Ker that lied the furthest away from the capital. They saw their income fall when noble families between their land and the capital refused to repair a bridge that crossed a river and was the fastest and best way to reach the capital. The 14 Elders threatened to declare themselves independent and in response to that the Council of Elders declared war. A civil war that raged on for 12 years was the result.

In the meantime the grandson of Huio, Fadei came to power in 811 BP. He saw his chance to invade The Republic of Ker and annex it. The war torn Republic was overwhelmed and within a year completely conquered.

The Trade-Kingdom without Margku (680 BP – 395 BP)

Margku was now in hands of the Cruisian Grand Dukes. But this was not the end of the Trade Kingdom. The King-Merchant moved to the other side of the river Margku to the city of Gharo and led the Trade Kingdom from there. The Grand Duke in Margku didn’t managed to conquer more than Margku and it direct surrounding land.

King-Merchant Velio who came to power in 667 BP died in 608 BP. He never returned to Margku and was cremated and burried in the tempel of Gharo. His daughter Beril succeeded him.

The Duality of Bodh-Mar (395 BP – 200 BP)

437 BP was the year that the Trade Kingdom of Mar and the Kingdom of Bodh joint their powers against the Cruisian invaders and the Grand Duke of Margku. The Grand Duke conquered more and more land from the Trade Kingdom with the help of his Cruisian allies. Also the Kingdom of Bodh saw the threath coming closer when they conquered the city of Zafhra.

The Queen of Bodh, Sarh offered King-Merchant Depi help and together they fought the Grand Duke back to Margku after the siege of Zafhra in 451 BP and the battle of the Vathu in 449 BP. They couldn’t conquer Margku on the Grand Duke, but his conquest was broken for now.

After the Trade Kingdom of Mar and the Kingdom of Bodh pushed back the armies of the Grand Duke, King-Merchant Depi and Queen Sarh agreed to seal the alliance with the marriage of their heirs. In 445 BP Prince Feluio of Bodh and Princess Merah of Mar were married. Although it wasn’t a marriage out of love, four children were conceived. The firstborn, Prince Ghaliu was named heir to the Kingdom of Bodh, and the third child, Prince Vare was promised as heir to the Trade Kingdom of Mar. The second and fourth children died prematurely.

In 408 BP, succeeding his father, Prince Ghaliu became King of Bodh. But in 397 BP Prince Vare died of an infected wound that he suffered during a hunt, with no children as heirs of his own. Queen-Merchant Merah died two years later in 395 BP. Now only King Ghaliu of Bodh was left as the only heir, which made him also King-Merchant of Mar. The Duality of Bodh-Mar was born and for the first time in history so many of the cities were united in one sovereign state.

The Grand Duchy of Ordland (200 BP – 297 AP)

Around 211 BP a new offensive was launched by Grand Duke Phileb II of Margku. Because of new tactics and improved weaponry, the Duality was not prepared for this. Within 11 years, Phileb was able to conquer the complete Duality of Bodh-Mar plus land that stretched beyond the borders of the Duality. He called his conquered territory The Grand Duchy of Ordland.

The royal family disappeared. Some rumored that they were killed and some said they lived a hidden life. The rulers of the cities were replaced by loyal servants of the Grand Duke. Most of them were Cruisian of faith.

The Bodh-Mar continued with what they did best, trading. With the coming of the Cruisians and the Anglyans establishing colonies in 140 BP new trade routes and markets opened. 

Across the sea in Kiltanland some Bodh-Mar merchants from the former Trade Kingdom established trading posts. Although the King-Merchant was gone. The Trade Kingdom was still very much alive. The Ords took over control of the trading posts and made them into colonies.

The Tempestuous Years and The Kingdom of Ordland (297 AP – 317 AP)

Under the Grand Duchy of Ordland the Bodhmari slowly became a middle class under a Ord upper class and ruling elite. The Ord was letting the Bodhmari doing the thing they were best at, trading. In most of the cities the Bodhmari formed communities, mostly around ports. Because of an increasing immigration of Cruisian people to the Kingdom of Ordland the Bodhmari slowly became a minority in their own homeland. Many engaged relationships with the Ord, but a large part of the Bodhmari tried to keep their people within their own circles.

With their own language and writing they were not always trusted, especially by the more extreme ends of the political spectrum.

In 297 AP the Grand Duchy of Ordland came to an end when a coup in Margku established the fascist State of Rio, which lasted shortly but mend a violent year against the Bodhmari with a few hundred people being killed, mostly from the Bodhmari people.

The short war against Armatirion, Operation Cutlass ended the regime of the State of Rio. Several Bodhmari resistance groups played an important role in this mission, with one even being led by Vharo Bodhei, the heir of the Kingdom of Bodh.

The next twenty years saw a number of coups paired with civil wars and international interventions. Many Bodhmari fled the country in search for safety and peace, for in this troubled times they often were seen as scapegoats.

When in 300 AP the heir of the house of Ord was crowned and a democratic government was established laws were approved that ensured the rights of the Bodhmari and their equality within the Kingdom of Bodh. The following years many Bodhmari in exile returned to their homeland.

Politics

The Politics of The Duality of Bodh-Mar and Ord are centered around it’s cities. Throughout the history the Bodhmari cities have been their centers of power, culture and religion. And most historical nations within it’s present borders were composed of one or more city-states, joined by force or in a alliance. In the dawn of it’s civilisation the cities were ruled by Priest-Kings of the Sun and Moon cult, but throughout history a wide diversity of governments occurred.

Since it’s renewed independence the cities are governing themselves again. Defense and Foreign affairs that affects all the cities are the duties of the National Assembly. National public transport and the construction and maintenance of national infrastructure are the tasks of the Transport Council Office.

The Cities

The people of Bodh-Mar are traders. Most Cities have their fleet of cargo ships which travel the world to ship goods from one harbour to another. The cities that are landlocked are mostly sited next to a river where the city have its ships traveling the river shipping goods. The use of ships is something that is in the blood of the people of Bodh-Mar, although trains and trucks are also widely used. The sight of a ship flying the flag of Bodh-Mar with the city flag underneath it is a common sight in many ports over the world. Duo-national public transport and the construction and maintenance of highways is regulated by the Council for Transport. In it are representatives from every city which decide where new roads, railways and waterways are constructed. The maintenance is mostly handled by the Transport Council Office. Local roads, rivers and railroads are constructed and maintained by the cities themselves.